Types of life insurance policy in india
You have many different options for buying life insurance.
Many people have understood the importance of a Life Insurance policy and that is the reason
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why this sector has emerged as one of the fastest growing finance segment in India.
Although many of us are aware of the importance of Life Insurance
, not everyone knows that there are multiple types of Life Insurance policy products available in India and each of them comes with a variety of offerings.
The different types of life insurance can be divided into term and permanent, depending on how long they are in effect.
This most common permanent life insurance is whole life. Some types of life insurnace expire, some have an investment-like cash value, and some are best for older or unhealthy applicants. There are benefits and drawbacks to each.
What is Life Insurance?
Life Insurance is a mutual contract between a policyholder and insurer/ insurance company, wherein the insurer guarantees the payment of a sum assured
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(also known as death benefit) to named beneficiaries of the insured in case of he/she dies. The sum assured is paid based on the premium paid by the insured and policy contract.
Types of Life Insurance Policies In IndiaLife Insurance policy mainly has two basic types: term life policy and traditional whole life policy.
In term life policy the policyholder pays a fixed amount of premium for a specific period whereas, in a whole life policy, the policyholder has to pay premiums till his/ her death.
1.Term Insurance or Term Plan
Term insurance or term plan is a type of life insurance plan that provides coverage for a specific period. In case of demise of the insured during the policy tenure, the nominee receives death benefit (sum assured). If the policyholder survives the entire policy term, no payout will be provided.
These are the most basic and affordable form of Life Insurance. Term plans provide life cover with no profits/ savings component. The premiums are much cheaper in a term insurance than other Life Insurance plans.
2.Whole Life Policy
This type of policy provides permanent life insurance. Whole life policy offers a savings component (also known as cash value), and lifelong protection cover as long as the insured pays premiums.
Under this policy, beneficiaries receive a death benefit after the death of the insured person.Unlike a term insurance,
the policy is not defined in a whole life policy, so the policyholder can enjoy the life cover throughout his/her life.
By paying regular premiums, the policyholder gets a complete life cover.
The policyholder needs to pay regular premiums until he expires, and upon that total amount, the corpus is paid to his family.
The whole life policy expires only when any eventuality occurs as there is no pre-defined tenure.
Some of the best whole life policies are – Max Life Whole Life Super, SBI Life – Shubh Nivesh, and IDBI Federal Lifesurance Whole Life Savings Insurance Plan
It is a life insurance plan which not just covers the life of the insured, but also helps them save regularly for a specific time period
so that they can get a lump sum amount on the maturity of the policy in case they survive the policy term.
An endowment plan is different from a term plan in terms of maturity benefit.
Unlike a term plan, an endowment plan pays out the sum assured along with profits in case of an eventuality during the policy term as well as on survival of insured.
The profits are the result of investing the premiums in the asset market.
Another difference is, endowment plans come with higher fees and premiums for paying out sum assured with profits in both scenarios – death or maturity.
4.Unit Linked Insurance Plan
A Unit Linked Insurance Plan (or ULIP) is a life insurance product which gives you both insurance as well as an investment with a single integrated plan.
You can pay a premium on a monthly or annual basis. A portion of the premium goes towards life insurance whereas rest of the amount is invested in stock/debt market like mutual funds.
Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) is linked to markets and thus, it is a form of the traditional endowment plan in which the sum assured is paid on death/maturity.
However, in ULIP, you have the liberty to choose the investments’ allocation in stock/debt markets and its value is captured by the net asset value (NAV). Also, ULIP is a combination of insurance and investment, whereas a mutual fund is a pure investment avenue.
Some of the best Unit Linked Insurance Plans are – Aviva iGrowth, LIC Market Plus-I Growth Fund, Tata AIG Life Invest Assure II – Balanced Fund, and Aegon iMaximize.
5.Money Back Policy
This policy too is a form of the endowment plan, however, it gives periodic payments to the beneficiary over the policy term instead of providing a lump sum amount at the policy’s maturity.
The insurer pays a portion of the sum assured at regular intervals. In case of policyholder’s death over the term of the policy, the full sum assured is given to the beneficiary. If the policyholders survive the policy term, they receive the balance sum assured.
Some of the best money back policies are – SBI Life- Smart Money Back Gold, Bajaj Allianz cash Assure, and HDFC Life Super Income Plan.
Child plan or children’s policy is insurance plus investment plan which offers two crucial benefits – securing the future of policyholder’s children financially and financing the turning points in their life including higher education, marriage, and so on.
These policies can be obtained in the name of the policyholder’s child.
It is beneficial only for the child and provides a financial assistance to the parents when their child reaches a particular age of his/ her life.
Some of the best children’s policies are – Bajaj Allianz Young Assure, Max Life Shiksha Plus Super, and ICICI Pru Smart kid Assure Plan.
An annuity plan is a long term insurance policy which helps to protect policyholders from the risk of outliving their income.
Under this plan, your contribution (in terms of premiums) is converted into regular periodic payments after your retirement, that can last for life.It is similar to a term insurance policy and aims at covering policyholder’s income loss.
Post-retirement, the regular income source ceases to exist for an individual (mainly for private job holders) and it doesn’t take long to exhaust benefits like gratuity or provident funds.
At that time, annuity plan provides regular income in the form of pension to the policyholder for safeguarding his/ her retirement. To enjoy financial freedom post-retirement, it is best to get an annuity plan.
Some of the best children’s policies are – SBI Life – Annuity Plus, HDFC Life New Immediate Annuity Plan, and ICICI Pru Immediate Annuity.